### Video Transcript

Identify whether π₯ minus π¦ all
squared equals π₯ squared minus two π₯π¦ plus π¦ squared is an expression, an
identity, a formula, or an inequality.

Letβs have a look at this statement
π₯ minus π¦ all squared equals π₯ squared minus two π₯π¦ plus π¦ squared. If we take a look at the left-hand
side, this would be composed of the set of parentheses π₯ minus π¦ times π₯ minus
π¦. We could expand these parentheses,
for example, using the FOIL method. We would get π₯ squared minus two
π₯π¦ plus π¦ squared, which means that we have a left-hand side which is equal to
the right-hand side. So this will be true for any values
of π₯ or π¦. It doesnβt matter what values we
choose; the left-hand side will always be equal to the right-hand side. The word we use for a statement
like this would be an identity.

Sometimes when we have an identity,
instead of having this equals to symbol, we could use the identity symbol. But we donβt always need to write
it, so we canβt use it really as an indicator if something is an identity or
not. If we look at the other options
weβre given, we can say that our statement is not an expression, as the expression
would be the collection of terms that we have either on the left-hand side or on the
right-hand side. A formula is a type of equation
that we might use to help us find the value of a variable, given how another
variable has changed. An example of a formula might be,
for example, the circumference of a circle is equal to π times the diameter. This isnβt quite what we have in
our statement.

Finally, if we had an inequality,
weβd be looking for one of the symbols, for example, less than or greater than or
equal to. And we havenβt got one of these in
our statement. We can then give our answer that π₯
minus π¦ squared equals π₯ squared minus two π₯π¦ plus π¦ squared is an
identity.