A chemist may be interested in the synthesis and production of new drug molecules. Apart from chemistry, which other discipline would typically be involved in this study? (A) Metallurgy, (B) physics, (C) Earth science, (D) agriculture, or (E) pharmacology.
Synthesizing new drug molecules requires the knowledge of the properties of these molecules and the reactions involved to create them. Chemists are very familiar with the properties of molecules, so drug synthesis comes under the discipline chemistry. But once the drug has been produced, it’s important to understand how they interact with the human body to ensure the medicine is effective and safe. This largely falls under another discipline. Let’s look at options (A) to (E) to find out which one.
Option (A) is metallurgy. And as the name suggests, it is the study of metals. For the most part, this involves extracting metals from their ores and adapting metals for use. An example of this would be making alloys, where different metals and possibly other elements are combined to create a new substance with unique properties. This isn’t very relevant to developing drug molecules, so we know option (A) isn’t the answer to this question. Option (B) is physics, which is the branch of science concerned with the study of matter and energy. Physics includes topics such as mechanics, heat, radiation, sound, electricity, and magnetism. It doesn’t have a very strong link to developing new drug molecules, so we know that option (B) is not the answer to this question.
Option (C) is Earth science, which is the study of the constitution of Earth and its atmosphere, so again not very relevant to developing drug molecules. Thus, (C) cannot be the answer to this question. Option (D) is agriculture, which is the practice of cultivating soil, growing crops, and raising livestock. This is not very relevant to developing new drug molecules, so option (D) is not the answer to this question. Option (E) is pharmacology, which is the branch of medicine concerned with drug action.
Since the question asks about the synthesis and production of new drug molecules, the answer to the question “Apart from chemistry, which other discipline would typically be involved in this study?” is (E) pharmacology.