### Video Transcript

An area of land is shared between
two people in the ratio 13 to 10. The first person share is 81 square
metres larger than the second personβs. What is the total area of land?

In this question, we have a
proportional relationship between the first person share and the second person
share. When we have a proportion
relationship between two values π΄ and π΅, we can say that π΄ sub one to π΅ sub one
equals π΄ sub two to π΅ sub two. And π΄ sub one over π΅ sub one
equals π΄ sub two over π΅ sub two. The values of π΄ sub one and π΅ sub
one refer to the quantities of π΄ and π΅ in the first situation. And π΄ sub two and π΅ sub two refer
to the values of the quantity in a second situation. So letβs start by taking our ratio
of 13 to 10 and writing it in a fractional form like we can see in the definition
which would be 13 over 10.

For the second equivalent fraction,
we need a way to note that the first person share is 81 square metres larger than
the second personβs. So letβs use a value π₯ to
represent the size of the second person share of land. When the first person share is 81
square metres larger, we could write this as π₯ plus 81. So now, we need to solve this
equation to find π₯. We can begin by taking the cross
product giving us 10 times π₯ plus 81 equals 13 times π₯.

We then multiply the 10 by each
term in the parenthesis, starting with 10 times π₯, which is 10 π₯, and then 10
times 81, which is 810. And we can write our 13 times π₯ as
13 π₯. We can continue then by subtracting
10π₯ from both sides of our equation, giving us 810 equal three π₯, since 13π₯ take
away 10π₯ is three π₯. To find π₯, we divide both sides of
our equation by three. So π₯ equals 270 square metres. So now, we know that the second
person share, the value π₯, is 270 square metres. To find the first person share, we
would work out 270 plus 81, which is 351 square metres. We now need to work out the total
area of land. So we add 351 and 270 giving us 621
square metres.