### Video Transcript

Find the derivative of the function
π of π₯ is equal to the integral between one minus two π₯ and one plus π₯ of five
π‘ sin π‘ with respect to π‘.

For this question, weβve been given
a function defined by an integral, π of π₯. And we need to find its derivative,
π prime of π₯. To do so weβll be using the first
part of the fundamental theorem of calculus, which tells us if we have an equation
in this form, we can directly find its derivative using the following rules. Here, we have rewritten our
equation. Setting π of π‘ equal to five π‘
sin π‘. Now, the first thing we will notice
when looking at our integral is that not only other top and bottom limits functions
of π₯ instead of π₯ itself. But that of them are a constant,
which we need to use our theorem.

At this point, we can recall that
an integral can be split in the following way. To conceptualize this, it can be
helpful to interpret a definite integral is the area under a curve as shown. Using this method we can
artificially introduce a constant which weβll call π into the integrals which now
form our sum. Next, we noticed that our first
integral has this constant as its upper limit instead of its lower limit. And we need to switch things round
to use the fundamental theorem of calculus. Luckily, switching the bounds of an
integral and multiplying by minus one evaluates to the same result. And so we can do this.

Okay, weβre a bit closer to the
form we need now. However, remember, the upper limit
of both of these integrals instead of being π₯ is a function of π₯. To move forward, we can use the
following modified form of the fundamental theorem of calculus. If lowercase π is a continuous
function over the closed interval between π and π, and uppercase πΉ of π₯ is
defined by the integral between π and some function of π₯, which weβll call π’ of
π₯ of πof π‘ with respect to π‘. Then capital πΉ prime of π₯ is
equal to lower case π of π’ of π₯ multiplied by d by dπ₯ of π’ of π₯, where π’ of
π₯ is in the open interval between π and π. Okay, so looking back at π of π₯,
it is now expressed is the sum of two separate integrals.

Given the rules of differentiation,
we confined π prime of π₯ simply by differentiating each of these terms
individually. And therefore, our modified theorem
can also be applied individually to both of the terms. For the first term our upper limit
is the function one minus two π₯. Our modified theorem tells us that
this is, therefore, equal to negative π of one minus two π₯ times d by dπ₯ of one
minus two π₯. Our second term takes the same
form, but using the upper limit of one plus π₯. We now remember that π of π‘ is
equal to five π‘ sin π‘. For π of one minus two π₯, weβll
replace all of the π‘ terms in this equation with one minus two π₯. We must then multiply this by the
derivative of one minus two π₯.

For our second term, we follow
exactly the same pattern, first substituting in to lowercase π and then finding the
derivative of one plus π₯ and multiplying. After a bit of simplification,
weβre left with the following result. We have now completed our question
and we have found the derivative π prime of π₯. This example illustrates that we
can use the modified version of the fundamental theorem of calculus even when the
function that we have is defined by an integral involving two different functions of
π₯ in the upper and lower limits.