### Video Transcript

Use the graphs below to answer the
following question. True or False: The equation two to
the power of π₯ equals π₯ has no solution.

Letβs begin by having a look at the
two functions which we can see below. We might be familiar with this
straight-line graph. Itβs the equation π¦ equals π₯, or
the function π of π₯ equals π₯. In this function, every input value
of π₯ is equal to the output value π¦. And so what is the other function
that is also on this graph? The shape of this function
indicates that it may be an exponential function. An exponential function is of the
form π of π₯ equals π times π to the power of π₯, where π and π are real
constants, π is positive, and π is not equal to one. The shape of this unknown function
in blue is one of exponential growth. And that means that we can say that
the value of π must be greater than one. In fact, this graph will be that of
π¦ equals two to the power of π₯.

We can check this by using some
coordinates that lie on this function, for example, the coordinate one, two. Substituting π₯ equals one and π¦
equals two into the equation π¦ equals two to the power of π₯, we get two equals two
to the power of one. This coordinate would lie on the
function π¦ equals two to the power of π₯. Substituting in a different
coordinate, for example, the coordinate two, four, we can see that we can verify
that this coordinate will also lie on the function π¦ equals two to the power
π₯.

So how do we go from working out
the two functions to establishing if two to the power of π₯ equals π₯ has any
solutions or not? Well, we should start by
remembering that the solution to an equation is the set of all values that satisfy
that equation. Everything on the left-hand side of
this equation is found on the function π¦ equals two to the power π₯. Everything on the right-hand side
can be demonstrated by the equation or the function π¦ equals π₯. The point where these two are equal
will be the points of intersection of the functions. But if we look at the graphs, we
can see that there are no points of intersection. This means that there are no
solutions to the equation two to the power π₯ equals π₯. And so we can give the answer that
the statement βThe equation two to the power π₯ equals π₯ has no solutionβ is
true.