Question Video: Evaluating the Input of NOT Gates | Nagwa Question Video: Evaluating the Input of NOT Gates | Nagwa

Question Video: Evaluating the Input of NOT Gates Physics • Third Year of Secondary School

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The diagram shows a NOT gate connected to an electric circuit in which there is a current present. The input of the NOT gate has a value of one if a current is present and a value of 0 if there is no current present. What is the value of the input to this NOT gate?

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Video Transcript

The diagram shows a NOT gate connected to an electric circuit in which there is a current present. The input of the NOT gate has a value of one if a current is present and a value of zero if there is no current present. What is the value of the input to this NOT gate?

So, this question is asking us to work out the input to this NOT gate. Let’s start by recalling that a NOT gate is a type of binary logic gate. A binary logic gate is one whose inputs and output can each take one of two values: zero or one. The function of a NOT gate is to output whatever value is not input into it. So, if the input is a zero, then the output will be a one. If the input is a one, then the output will be a zero.

Here, we have a NOT gate where the input and the output are connected to an external electric circuit. This circuit is represented by these dashed lines in the diagram. When a logic gate is connected to a circuit in this way, the presence or absence of a current in the input or output corresponds to the binary values. So, if there is no current, this corresponds to a value of zero. And if there is a current, this corresponds to a value of one.

In this question, we need to work out whether the value of the input to the NOT gate is a zero or a one. In other words, we need to work out if there is a current at this point in the circuit. Now, we don’t know much about this circuit, but we do know that there is a current present. Let’s draw an arrow to represent this current, which we’ll call 𝐼.

We can see that this current reaches this open switch. But because the switch is open, the circuit is broken and current can’t travel any further around the circuit. This means that there is no current in this part of the circuit right here. In other words, there is no current in the input to the NOT gate. Now, we already know that if there’s no current, this corresponds to a binary value of zero. So, because the switch is open, we know that the input to the NOT gate is zero. And this is our final answer.

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