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Question Video: Relating the Different Structures of the Kidneys to Their Functions Biology

Complete the table to correctly relate the structures associated with the kidneys to their functions.

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Video Transcript

Complete the table to correctly relate the structures associated with the kidneys to their functions. (A) Transports waste material to the liver. (B) Transports urine to the bladder. (C) Allows the mixing of deoxygenated and oxygenated blood. Or (D) connects the kidneys to the central nervous system.

This question asks us about three major structures that are associated with the kidneys and their functions. The kidneys are incredibly important organs in the excretory system. Their primary function is to remove waste from the body. To do this, they filter the blood to remove substances like excess water and metabolic waste products. These waste products are then excreted in the form of urine. Blood that needs to be filtered enters the kidneys through the renal artery. And once this blood has been filtered, it will leave the kidneys via the renal vein.

The ureter is a tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder. Waste products that need to be excreted are transported from the kidneys to the bladder in the form of urine. This urine is stored by the bladder until it is ready to be excreted.

Let’s take a look back at our question and answer choices. We just learned that the ureter connects the kidneys to the bladder. And its function is to transport urine to the bladder to eventually be excreted. So to correctly complete the table, our correct answer choice is option (B). The ureter transports urine to the bladder.

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