Complete the table to correctly
relate the structures associated with the kidneys to their functions. (A) Transports waste material to
the liver. (B) Transports urine to the
bladder. (C) Allows the mixing of
deoxygenated and oxygenated blood. Or (D) connects the kidneys to the
central nervous system.
This question asks us about three
major structures that are associated with the kidneys and their functions. The kidneys are incredibly
important organs in the excretory system. Their primary function is to remove
waste from the body. To do this, they filter the blood
to remove substances like excess water and metabolic waste products. These waste products are then
excreted in the form of urine. Blood that needs to be filtered
enters the kidneys through the renal artery. And once this blood has been
filtered, it will leave the kidneys via the renal vein.
The ureter is a tube that connects
the kidneys to the bladder. Waste products that need to be
excreted are transported from the kidneys to the bladder in the form of urine. This urine is stored by the bladder
until it is ready to be excreted.
Let’s take a look back at our
question and answer choices. We just learned that the ureter
connects the kidneys to the bladder. And its function is to transport
urine to the bladder to eventually be excreted. So to correctly complete the table,
our correct answer choice is option (B). The ureter transports urine to the