### Video Transcript

In the square π΄π΅πΆπ·, the points π΅, πΆ, and π are collinear. Given that the measure of angle ππ΄πΆ equals 28 degrees, find the measure of angle π΄ππΆ.

In this question, we have a square π΄π΅πΆπ·. And we recall that a square has four equal sides and four equal angles that are 90 degrees each. On our diagram, we can see that thereβs a point π also labelled. And weβre told that π΅πΆ and π are collinear. The word βcollinearβ means lying on a straight line. So what weβre really being told here is that point π is on the line π΅πΆ. Weβre told in this question that the measure of angle ππ΄πΆ equals 28 degrees. So letβs mark that on our diagram.

Weβre asked to calculate the measure of angle π΄ππΆ, which is this angle marked in orange. We can see that these angles are part of a triangle π΄ππΆ. Letβs see if we can calculate the other missing angle in this triangle. We can see that this angle is formed from the diagonal of our square, the line π΄πΆ. Recall that, in a square, the diagonals of a square bisect the angles. The word βbisectβ means to cut exactly into two pieces. Since the angles in our square are 90 degrees, then the diagonal would cut that angle exactly into two pieces, giving two angles of 45 degrees. This means that the measure of angle π΄πΆπ must be equal to 45 degrees.

So now we know two of the angles in our triangle, we can use that to help us find the measure of angle π΄ππΆ. We can remember that the angles in a triangle add up to 180 degrees. So we can write the measure of angle π΄ππΆ equals 180 degrees take away the sum of 28 degrees and 45 degrees since they are our two other angles. This is the same as working out 180 degrees take away 28 degrees take away 45 degrees. Simplifying this would give us 180 degrees take away 73 degrees, which will give us 107 degrees.

So the measure of angle π΄ππΆ is 107 degrees.