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Question Video: Stating the Part of the Brain Associated with Receiving Auditory Information Biology

The diagram shows an outline of the major parts of the human brain. Which part of the cerebral cortex contains the hearing center, which is involved in receiving auditory information?

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Video Transcript

The diagram provided shows an outline of the major parts of the human brain. Which part of the cerebral cortex contains the hearing center, which is involved in receiving auditory information? (A) The frontal lobe, (B) the occipital lobe, (C) the temporal lobe, (D) the parietal lobe.

To answer this question, we will start by defining the cerebral cortex. Then, we’ll define the major parts of the cerebral cortex to recall which part is responsible for receiving auditory information.

The cerebral cortex is the outer layer of the cerebrum that has folds and grooves, which give the brain its notable wrinkled appearance. Each hemisphere of the cerebral cortex is divided into four major lobes, which are the frontal lobe, the temporal lobe, the occipital lobe, and the parietal lobe. Let’s take a closer look at the function of each of these lobes.

The frontal lobe is important for managing higher-level cognitive functions that support our ability to achieve a goal. This means these lobes are responsible for a wide range of actions, such as voluntary movements, language production, decision-making, speech, short-term memory, and reasoning.

The parietal lobe contains the somatosensory map of the body, which helps it to carry out two main functions. One of the functions is somatosensation, which uses areas of the parietal lobe to process touch sensations, such as pressure, pain, and temperature. The other function is proprioception, which uses areas of the parietal lobe to sense the orientation and location of our body parts. This helps us understand where our bodies are located in space.

The occipital lobe is the visual processing center of the human brain. This is because the occipital lobe houses the visual cortex, which processes information from the eyes and interprets this information into the images that create our perception of the world. Other parts of the occipital lobe, such as the visual receiving and association areas, process visual images of language and interpret this imagery.

The temporal lobe has several functions, because it contains the centers for hearing and memory. At the top of each temporal lobe, there is an area responsible for receiving auditory information from the ears. Other parts of the temporal lobe, like the underside of each lobe, play a crucial role in forming and retrieving memories, including those that are tied to emotions or auditory information.

After reviewing all of the different lobes of the cerebral cortex, we can conclude that the part of the cerebral cortex that contains the hearing centers and is involved in receiving auditory information is the temporal lobe.

Now, we have all the information we need to answer the question. The part of the cerebral cortex that contains the hearing center, which is involved in receiving auditory information, is the temporal lobe.

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