### Video Transcript

Telling Time in Words: Nearest Five
Minutes

In this video, we’re going to learn
how to tell the time on an analog clock to the nearest five minutes. This is an analog clock. An analog clock has a face which we
read to tell the time. Analog clocks have two hands. The longest hand on the clock face
is called the minute hand. This is the hand we’re going to be
looking at in this video because we’re learning how to tell the time to the nearest
five minutes. The shortest of the two hands is
called the hour hand, and we use this to read the hour.

Let’s look more closely at the
minute hand. When a new hour begins, the minute
hand is always pointing at number 12. So when the minute hand is pointing
at 12, we know it’s something o’clock. The minute hand turns around the
clock in minutes. Each of the divisions on the clock
face is worth one minute, one, two, three, four, five. Each of the larger divisions on a
clock face is worth five minutes. Five, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40,
45, 50, 55, 60. We know there are 60 minutes in one
hour. Once the minute hand reaches 12
again, we start all over again.

In this video, we’re going to learn
how to tell the time to the nearest five minutes. Let’s learn how to read the time to
the nearest five minutes in words. We already know that when the
minute hand is pointing to number 12, it means it’s something o’clock. If the hour hand was pointing to
number eight, we would know it was 8 o’clock. If the minute hand moves to number
one, how many minutes have passed? Well, we know that each of these
divisions marked with a pink dot is worth five minutes. If five minutes have passed since
o’clock, we can say that it’s 5 past the hour. And in another five minutes, it
will be 10 past the hour.

What comes next if we’re counting
in fives? Five, 10, 15. When we’re telling the time on an
analog clock, we don’t say 15 minutes past. We call this time quarter past. This is because the minute hand has
turned a quarter of the way around the clock, from number 12 to number three. If the minute hand moves another
five minutes, how many minutes have passed? Five, 10, 15, 20. And we write this as 20 past. In five more minutes, it’s 25
past.

You might think that because we’re
counting around the clock in fives that next it’s 30 past. Five, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30. It’s true that 30 minutes have
passed, but the minute hand has also turned halfway around the clock, from number 12
to number six. So this is half past the hour. If the minute hand is pointing
anywhere between number 12 and number six, we write this as minutes past the
hour. 5 past, 10 past, quarter past, 20
past, 25 past, and half past.

When we’re reading the minute hand
on the second half of the clock from number six back to number 12, we write this as
minutes to the next hour. So if the minute hand was pointing
to number seven, how many minutes are there until we reach o’clock? Five, 10, 15, 20, 25. We write this as “25 to,” and we
mean 25 minutes to the next hour. Five less than 25 is 20. We’ve got five, 10, 15, 20 minutes
until the next hour. You might be mistaken into thinking
that we write the next time as 15 minutes to. It might help if we were to divide
the clock into quarters. Then you’d be able to see that
there’s quarter of an hour until o’clock. So we write this as quarter to. The minute hand has to make a
quarter of a turn to get to o’clock.

If the minute hand moves forward
another five minutes, it will be 10 to the hour: five, 10. And if another five minutes pass,
it will be 5 to the hour. And in another five minutes, it
will be o’clock. The minute hand has made a full
turn around the clock.

Let’s recap what we’ve learned so
far. We’ve learned that each of the
intervals marked on this clock face with a pink dot are worth five minutes. We’ve also learned that we start
counting at o’clock. When a quarter of an hour has
passed, we say it’s quarter past the hour. We’ve learned that when the minute
hand has turned from number 12 to number six, it’s made half a turn around the clock
face, and we call this half past. When the minute hand is pointing to
number nine, it has to make a quarter of a turn to reach o’clock, and we call this
time quarter to the hour. And we’ve learned that we write all
the other times on the analog clock as minutes past or minutes to the hour. 5 past, 10 past, 20 past, 25 past,
25 to, 20 to, 10 to, and 5 to.

Now that we’ve learned how to tell
the time to the nearest five minutes on an analog clock face, let’s practice telling
the time.

Skip count in fives to find how
many minutes after 2 o’clock it is.

In this question, we’re shown the
time on an analog clock. And we’re asked to find how many
minutes after 2 o’clock it is. We know that it’s something past 2
o’clock because the hour hand is just after the number two on the clock. To find out how many minutes after
2 o’clock it is, we need to look at the minute hand. And we can see it’s pointing to the
number five. To help us work out how many
minutes have passed since 2 o’clock, we’re told to skip count in fives. So we have to start at the number
12, which is o’clock, and skip count in fives. Five, 10, 15, 20, 25. It is 25 minutes after 2
o’clock. We found the answer by skip
counting in fives: five, 10, 15, 20, 25. It’s 25 minutes past 2 o’clock.

What time is it? Find the missing numbers. It is what minutes to what.

In this question, we’re shown an
analog clock. We have to read the clock to work
out what time it is and then find the missing numbers. First, we’ll need to look at the
minute hand to work out how many minutes it is until the next o’clock. Then we’ll need to read the hour
hand. The minute hand is pointing to
number eight on the clock face. How many minutes does the minute
hand have to turn until it reaches the next hour or o’clock?

Well, we know that when the minute
hand is pointing to number 12, that means it’s something o’clock. So we have to count how many
minutes there are from number eight until number 12 on the clock face. And we know that each of these
divisions is worth five minutes. So we could start at number eight
and count in fives until we reach number 12 on the clock. Five, 10, 15, 20. So we know that it’s 20 minutes
until the next hour. Let’s have a look at the hour hand
now. The hour hand is pointing between
the numbers five and six, so we know that it’s after 5 o’clock, but it’s not quite 6
o’clock. So the time on the clock is 20
minutes to 6. The missing numbers are 20 and
6. It is 20 minutes to 6.

What time is it? Find the missing numbers. It is what minutes after what.

In this question, we’re shown an
analog clock. We have to read the time on the
clock and fill in the missing numbers. First, we have to look at the
minute hand to work out how many minutes it is past or after the hour. The minute hand is shown in orange
on this clock. And to find out how many minutes
past it is, we’ll need to start at number 12 or o’clock and count around the clock
face in five-minute intervals until we reach the minute hand. Let’s count in fives: five, 10, 15,
20.

Now we know it is 20 minutes, but
we don’t know the hour. 20 minutes past what? So we just need to look at the hour
hand. This is the hour hand. Which hour has the hour hand just
gone past. It’s the number six. It is 20 minutes after 6, so the
two missing numbers are 20 and 6. The time is 20 minutes after 6.

What have we learned in this
video? We have learned how to tell the
time to the nearest five minutes on an analog clock.