Which table correctly summarizes
the different structures in the female reproductive system and their functions?
This question is asking us about
the female reproductive system. Let’s review its structure and
function in order to answer this question.
The genitals are the outside parts
of the reproductive system. In females, the genitals are called
the vulva. The vagina is the muscular tube
that extends from the external genitals. This is where semen can be
ejaculated during sexual intercourse.
The semen contains sperm cells that
need to combine with egg cells. These egg cells, or ova, are
produced by the ovaries. The ovaries contain and release
ova, or egg cells, each month in a process called ovulation. The egg cell is released into a
structure called the Fallopian tube, which is sometimes called the oviduct. The oviduct transports an egg to
Inside the oviduct, an ovum can be
combined with, or fertilized by, a sperm cell that was released by the male during
sexual intercourse. The fertilized egg makes its way
toward the part of the female reproductive system called the uterus. Once inside the uterus, the
fertilized egg can implant into the wall of the uterus. This starts a pregnancy. The uterus is the place where the
unborn baby develops until it is born. The baby is kept in place by a ring
of muscle called the cervix.
Looking back at our answer choices,
we can now compare these structures with their functions. The correct summary is given by
answer choice (A).