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Question Video: Summarizing the Parts of the Female Reproductive System and Their Functions Science

Which table correctly summarizes the different structures in the female reproductive system and their functions? [A] Table A [B] Table B [C] Table C [D] Table D

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Video Transcript

Which table correctly summarizes the different structures in the female reproductive system and their functions?

This question is asking us about the female reproductive system. Let’s review its structure and function in order to answer this question.

The genitals are the outside parts of the reproductive system. In females, the genitals are called the vulva. The vagina is the muscular tube that extends from the external genitals. This is where semen can be ejaculated during sexual intercourse.

The semen contains sperm cells that need to combine with egg cells. These egg cells, or ova, are produced by the ovaries. The ovaries contain and release ova, or egg cells, each month in a process called ovulation. The egg cell is released into a structure called the Fallopian tube, which is sometimes called the oviduct. The oviduct transports an egg to the uterus.

Inside the oviduct, an ovum can be combined with, or fertilized by, a sperm cell that was released by the male during sexual intercourse. The fertilized egg makes its way toward the part of the female reproductive system called the uterus. Once inside the uterus, the fertilized egg can implant into the wall of the uterus. This starts a pregnancy. The uterus is the place where the unborn baby develops until it is born. The baby is kept in place by a ring of muscle called the cervix.

Looking back at our answer choices, we can now compare these structures with their functions. The correct summary is given by answer choice (A).

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