### Video Transcript

Perfect Trinomials

Where we have a term like this, we
know that what the squared means is this bracket multiplied by itself. So now how do we multiply it
out? We can use FOIL; so do the first
term multiplied the first term, which will give us π squared. Then π multiplied by π, which
will give us ππ. For the outer terms and the inner
terms, which will be π multiplied by π, which will give us ππ again. And finally the last term π
multiplied by π which gives us π squared. So then if we collect the like
terms, we can see that weβve got two ππ. And in red underlined is called
βthe perfect trinomial.β So weβre saying for any π and π
if we have π plus π all squared, that will give us π squared plus two ππ plus
π squared. And weβll be able to factor
expressions really easily using perfect trinomial as long as we can just spot what
weβre doing. So letβs have a look at an example
using perfect trinomial.

So letβs look at our first term
first. Well we know that π₯ squared is
π₯ all squared. And then looking at sixteen, we
know that four squared is sixteen. So if our middle term eight π₯
follows the rule two multiplied by π multiplied by π, where π in this case is
π₯ and π is four, then we know that this is a perfect trinomial. And we can see it does. So weβll be able to take π,
which we can see is π₯, and π, which we can see is four, and then just put that
straight in a bracket and weβll square it. And there we have fully
factored this expression.

So factor eighty-one π₯ to
power four plus ninety π₯ squared plus twenty-five.

Again weβre gonna look at our
first term and our last term and try to work out if they are squares. So looking at the first term,
we know that nine squared is eighty-one and we know that π₯ squared is π₯ to
power four. So that means nine π₯ squared
all squared is the same as eighty-one π₯ to power four. Right well letβs look at the
last term. Thatβs easier; we can see that
five squared is twenty-five. So then π is nine π₯ squared
and π is five.

So if the middle term satisfies
two multiplied by π multiplied by π, then we know that it is a perfect
trinomial. So letβs try it out. So two multiplied by five is
ten; ten multiplied by nine is ninety. Well the coefficient works and
then thatβs π₯ squared. So-so does the variable. So this is a perfect
trinomial. So we need to just pop them
into the parentheses. So π we can see is nine π₯
squared and π is five. So we can see that our original
expression is equal to nine π₯ squared plus five all squared.

So all that β though that one looks
a little bit tougher at the beginning, all we need to do is just have a look: is the
first term squared? is the last term squared? And then do they satisfy the middle
term as well? And thatβs all you need to know for
perfect trinomial.