### Video Transcript

1) Find the solutions to the equation π§ to the power of six equals 125π to the two
π by three π. What are their geometrical properties? 2) State the sixth roots of unity. And 3) What is the relationship between the sixth roots of unity and the solutions to
the equation π§ to the power of six equals 125π to the two π by three π?

Here we have an equation involving finding the roots of a complex number. To solve this equation, weβre going to need to take the sixth root of both sides. And to do this, weβll need to apply De Moivreβs theorem for roots. That tells us that the solutions to this equation are given by 125 to the power of
one-sixth times π to the power of two π over three plus two ππ over six π,
where π takes values from zero through to five.

Substituting these values of π into our formula and then subtracting multiples of
two π where necessary from the argument to express the argument within the range
for the principal argument. And we see that our solutions to the equation are root five π to the π by nine π,
root five π to the four π by nine π, root five π to the seven π by nine π,
root five π to the negative eight π by nine π, root five π to the negative five
π by nine π, and root five π to the negative two π by nine π.

As expected, when we plot these on an Argand diagram, we see that they form the
vertices of a regular hexagon. And this hexagon is inscribed within a circle whose centre is the origin and whose
radius is root five.

Now as we go ahead and answer part two and three of this question, weβll leave the
Argand diagram in place. Itβs going to be useful to us in a moment. In a similar way, we could use De Moivreβs theorem to find the sixth roots of
unity. Or we can simply recall that they are one, π to the π by three π, π to the two π
by three π, negative one, π to the negative two π by three π, and π to the
negative π by three π.

So to find the relationship between the sixth roots of unity and the solutions to our
equation, letβs recall the geometric interpretation of the sixth roots of unity. The sixth roots of unity are represented geometrically by the vertices of a regular
hexagon. This time, that hexagon is inscribed within a unit circle. And once again, its centre is the origin. And we can see that we can transform the sixth roots of unity to the roots of our
equation by a dilation scale factor root five and a counterclockwise rotation by π
by nine radians.

Another way of thinking about this is itβs the same as multiplying them by a complex
number whose modulus is the square root of five and whose argument is π by nine, In
other words, root five π to the π by nine π. This means if we call the sixth roots of unity one, π, π squared all the way
through to π to the power of five, then the roots of our equation can be expressed
as root five π to the π by nine π, π times root five π to the π by nine π,
all the way through to π to the power of five times root five π to the π by nine
π. And these results would have stood had we used any of the other roots of π§ to the
power of six equals 125π to the two π by three π.