### Video Transcript

Which formula can be used to
find the area of a circular segment, given radius π and a central angle π?

We recall that any circle can
be split into a minor and major segment as shown. Weβre also told that the radius
of the circle is π and the central angle is π. If we label the two points at
the end of the chord π΄π΅ and the center of the circle π, then the area of the
segment will be equal to the area of the sector π΄ππ΅ minus the area of
triangle π΄ππ΅. It is important to note at this
point that our angle π might be given in degrees or in radians. 180 degrees is equal to π
radians. We know that a circle has a
total of 360 degrees, which means it will have a total of two π radians. As a result, the area of a
circular segment can be calculated using two linked formulas, one for degrees
and one when the angle is in radians.

When our angle was measured in
degrees, the area of a sector is equal to π out of 360 multiplied by ππ
squared. As already mentioned, 360
degrees is equal to two π radians. This means that the area of a
sector when π is in radians is π over two π multiplied by ππ squared. In this case, the πs
cancel. We are left with π over two
multiplied by π squared, which is often written as a half π squared π.

As weβve worked out a formula
for the area of a sector in degrees and radians, we will now look at the area of
a triangle. The area of any triangle can be
calculated using the formula a half of ππ multiplied by sin πΆ. In our diagram, we can see that
the lengths π and π are both equal to the radius or π. The angle πΆ is equal to
π. Therefore, the area of a
triangle inside a circle can be calculated using the formula half π squared
multiplied by sin π. We will now clear some space to
work out the formula that can be used to find the area of a circular
segment.

Letβs consider when π is
measured in radians first. The area of the sector is a
half π squared π, and the area of the triangle is a half π squared sin
π. We can factor out a half π
squared as this is common in both terms. Inside the parentheses or
bracket, weβre left with π minus sin π. When the central angle π is
given in radians, then the area of the circular segment can be calculated by
multiplying a half π squared by π minus sin π. If the central angle is given
in degrees, then our formula is equal to π over 360 multiplied by ππ squared
minus a half π squared sin π.

Whilst the π squared is common
in both terms, we tend not to factor it out here but instead calculate the area
of the sector and area of triangle separately. We then subtract our two
answers to calculate the area of the circular segment. Either one of these formulas
can be used depending on the context of the question.