Left, Right, Next To, and
In this video, we’re going to learn
how to use the words “left”, “right”, “next to”, and “between” to describe the
position of objects compared with each other.
Here are four characters. They’re going to help us to
describe the position of things. We’ve got a pelican, a wobbly
looking flamingo, a penguin, and an ostrich. Now we can use four words or
phrases to describe where each of the characters are compared to some of the
others. Our first position word is
“left”. But perhaps it might make sense to
look at our second position word too because it can be easy to get left and right
To help us, we’ve put “left” on the
left-hand side and “right” on the right-hand side. Left is this direction, and right
is the opposite direction. If we put our hands flat out in
front of us like this, only one of our hands will make an L shape. Can you guess which hand it is? L for left! Hopefully, you’ve learned your left
and right. But if you haven’t, this is a good
way to help you remember it.
We can use the words “left” and
“right” to describe the position of some of the characters on the screen. Who is to the left of the
ostrich? Well, here’s the ostrich. And we know that this direction is
left. It’s the penguin! We could even write a sentence
where we describe the position of the penguin. The penguin is on the left of the
Let’s try using the word “right”
now. Which character is on the right of
the flamingo? Here’s our wobbly flamingo. Now, which direction is right? We know that right is this
direction; it’s the opposite to left. Who can we see is to the right of
the flamingo? It’s the penguin again! Although the penguin is on the left
of the ostrich, we can also say he’s on the right of the flamingo.
Our third phrase is “next to.” Who’s next to the pelican? There’s nobody next to the pelican
in this direction. But if we look in the other
direction, we can see the flamingo is next to the pelican. This time, it doesn’t matter which
way round we say the characters. The flamingo is next to the
pelican, and the pelican is next to the flamingo. They’re both side by side.
Our final position word is
“between.” We know that when an object is
between two other objects, it’s in the middle of them. Who is between the flamingo and the
ostrich? Who’s in the middle of the flamingo
and the ostrich? The penguin is between the flamingo
and the ostrich. Now that we’ve learned how to use
the words “left”, “right”, “next to”, and “between”, let’s have a go at answering
some questions where we have to describe the position of objects using these
Which animal is on the left of the
In the picture, we can see four
animals in a line: a sheep, a cow, a dog, and a chicken. And the question asks us, which
animal is on the left of the cow? Now, these words “on the left of”
are important. They tell us the position of the
animal we’re looking for. And they tell us the position of
this animal compared with the cow. So, the first thing we should do is
find the cow.
Now, which animal is on the left of
the cow? Is it the sheep or the dog? Which direction is left? Well, perhaps you already know your
left and right. One way that we could remember each
direction is we can put our hands out flat like this. Our left hand is the one where we
can see the L shape. And so, we know this direction is
left and this direction is right. But let’s forget about right for
now. We’re asked which animal is on the
left of the cow. And if we look to the left, we can
see the sheep. The animal on the left of the cow
is the sheep.
Which picture shows that the bucket
is next to the spade?
We can see three pictures here. And each of the pictures shows a
bucket and a spade. But what’s the difference? The spade is in a different place
or a different position in each of the pictures. The position words in our question
are the words “next to.” Now, we know when two objects are
next to each other, they’re side by side. So, we’re looking for a picture
where the bucket is side by side with the spade.
Is it the first picture? Well, the two objects are very
close to each other, but they are not side by side. We could say the spade is in the
bucket. What about the second picture? How could we describe the objects
now? Well, again, they’re very close to
each other, but they’re not side by side. The spade is on the bucket. We could also use the word
”under”. The bucket is under the spade.
So, we’re only left with this
picture. Is the bucket next to the
spade? Yes, the correct answer is the one
that shows the bucket and the spade side by side. The bucket is next to the
Which animal is between the dog and
In the picture, we can see four
animals in a line. From left to right, they are a
sheep, a cow, a dog, and a chicken. “left” and “right” are words that
we can use to describe the position of objects. And in our question, there’s
another word. Which animal is between the dog and
the sheep? Another way of describing the word
“between” is “in the middle of”. So, we could ask, which animal is
in the middle of the dog and the sheep?
To begin with, we need to find the
two animals that we’re talking about. Here’s the dog, and here’s the
sheep. Which animal is in between
them? Which animal is in the middle of
them? It’s the cow. The cow is between the dog and the
sheep. The dog and the sheep are either
side of the cow. And so, we can say the animal
that’s in between the dog and the sheep is the cow.
Now, what have we learned in this
video? We’ve learned how to describe the
position of objects using the words “left”, “right”, “next to”, and “between”.