### Video Transcript

Suppose the linear transformation
πΏ sends one, zero to negative one, five and one, one to the negative six, six. What is the absolute value of the
determinant of the matrix representing πΏ.

In a general rule, we can say that
a linear transformation that transforms the point π which is π₯, π¦ into π prime
which is [π₯ prime], π¦- π¦ prime, well, this can be written as π₯ prime over π¦
prime as a vector is equal to the matrix π, π, π, π multiplied by π₯, π¦. And this is where the two-by-two
matrix π, π, π, π is a transformation matrix. And itβs this transformation matrix
that we want to find.

So letβs use the values we have to
try and find it. So first of all, we can start with
the first pair of points. So we have our matrix π, π, π,
π multiplied by one, zero is equal to negative one, five. Then what we do is we multiply the
corresponding components. So we have π multiplied by one and
π multiplied by zero which is gonna give us π plus zero. And thatβs because π multiplied by
one is just π and π multiplied by zero is just zero. And this is gonna be equal to
negative one because thatβs the corresponding value on the right-hand side.

And then I move on to the second
row. But what I do first before I do
that is Iβm gonna label the first equation one. So then if I carry on the same
process and when I have π multiplied by one is just π, π multiplied by zero is
just zero, so I have π plus zero is equal to five cause thatβs our corresponding
value. So then I can label this equation
two. And from these equations, I can
just summarise that π is equal to negative one and π is equal to five.

Okay, great, so weβve found those
two components. Now, what we want to do is find the
π and π components of our transformation matrix. So now, to find this value, weβre
gonna move on to our second coordinates. So we got one, one and negative
six, six. So we can say that we have the
matrix π, π, π, π multiplied by one, one is equal to negative six, six.

So then using the same process as
before, weβre gonna get π plus π is equal to negative six. And thatβs cause we had π
multiplied by one. And that was the first one. And then you got π multiplied by
one which is the one at the bottom. So we get π plus π. And that is equal to the
corresponding value which is negative six. And then we have, finally, π
multiplied by one which is just π, π multiplied by one which is just π. So we have π plus π is equal to
six cause, again, this is the corresponding value.

So we now got equations three and
four. We can use these to find π and
π. So now, what weβre gonna do is
substitute in the values we have for π and π. So first of all, weβre gonna
substitute in π is equal to negative one. And weβre gonna substitute it into
our third equation. So when we do that, we get negative
one plus π is equal to negative six. So if we then add one to each side
of the equation, we get π is equal to negative five. So weβve found π. So then finally, what we do is we
substitute in our π-value. And we get five plus π is equal to
six, if we substituted it into equation four. So then if we subtract five from
each side of the equation, weβre left with π is equal to one. So we now have our π-, π-, π-,
and π-values. So weβve found our transformation
matrix πΏ.

So does that mean weβve finished
the question? Well, no, because what we want to
do is find the absolute value of the determinant of the matrix. So what we want to do is find the
absolute value of the determinant of the matrix negative one, negative five, [five],
one. And what the absolute value means
is weβre only interested in positive values because the absolute value, or another
way of thinking about it, is the distance from a point. So, therefore, it doesnβt matter if
itβs positive or negative. Itβs just a distance to a
point.

So weβre gonna use that at the
end. And just to remind us how we find
the determinant of a two-by-two matrix, if we have the matrix π, π, π, π, then
the determinant of that matrix is π multiplied by π, so top left multiplied by
bottom right, minus π multiplied by π, which is top right multiplied by bottom
left. So, therefore, the determinant of
the matrix negative one, negative five, five, one is gonna be negative one
multiplied by one minus negative five multiplied by five. And weβve got that via
cross-multiplying as of shown on our example here.

So then weβre looking for the
absolute value of negative one add 25. And thatβs because you had negative
one multiplied by one which is just negative one. Then weβve got minus. And then we had negative 25. Well, if you subtract a negative,
it turns to a positive. So, therefore, we can say that the
answer is gonna be equal to the absolute value of negative 24, while the absolute
value of negative 24 is just gonna be 24. So that means we can say that if
the linear transformation πΏ sends one, zero to negative one, five and one, one to
negative six, six, then the absolute value of the determinant of that matrix, which
represents πΏ, is 24.