Question Video: Finding the Side Length of a Quadrilateral given the Similar Side’s Length in a Similar Quadrilateral by Solving Linear Equations | Nagwa Question Video: Finding the Side Length of a Quadrilateral given the Similar Side’s Length in a Similar Quadrilateral by Solving Linear Equations | Nagwa

# Question Video: Finding the Side Length of a Quadrilateral given the Similar Sideβs Length in a Similar Quadrilateral by Solving Linear Equations Mathematics • First Year of Secondary School

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Given that π΄π΅πΆπ· βΌ πΈπΉπΊπ», find the values of π₯ and π¦.

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### Video Transcript

Given that π΄π΅πΆπ· is similar to πΈπΉπΊπ», find the values of π₯ and π¦.

We know that in any similar polygon, the corresponding sides are proportional. This means that our first step is to identify the corresponding sides. The side πΆπ· is corresponding to πΊπ», π΄π· is corresponding to πΈπ», and π΅πΆ is corresponding to πΉπΊ. This means that the ratio of these three sides must be equal. The ratios 10 to five, eight to two π¦ minus 14, and π₯ to eight must all be equal. We could set these up in fractional form to calculate the value of π₯ and π¦. However, it is clear from the first ratio that this simplifies to two to one. This means that all the lengths in the second trapezium will be half the lengths of the first trapezium. The scale factor to go from trapezium π΄π΅πΆπ· to πΈπΉπΊπ» is one-half.

We can therefore say that two π¦ minus 14 is equal to a half of eight, and a half of eight is four. Adding 14 to both sides of this equation gives us two π¦ is equal to 18. Dividing by two gives us π¦ is equal to nine. We can use the same method to calculate the value of π₯. The length πΊπ», which is equal to eight, is half the value of πΆπ·, which is π₯. Multiplying both sides of this equation by two gives us 16 is equal to π₯. The missing values are π₯ equals 16 and π¦ equals nine.

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