Question Video: Finding the Side Length of a Quadrilateral given the Similar Side’s Length in a Similar Quadrilateral by Solving Linear Equations Mathematics

Given that 𝐴𝐡𝐢𝐷 ∼ 𝐸𝐹𝐺𝐻, find the values of π‘₯ and 𝑦.

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Video Transcript

Given that 𝐴𝐡𝐢𝐷 is similar to 𝐸𝐹𝐺𝐻, find the values of π‘₯ and 𝑦.

We know that in any similar polygon, the corresponding sides are proportional. This means that our first step is to identify the corresponding sides. The side 𝐢𝐷 is corresponding to 𝐺𝐻, 𝐴𝐷 is corresponding to 𝐸𝐻, and 𝐡𝐢 is corresponding to 𝐹𝐺. This means that the ratio of these three sides must be equal. The ratios 10 to five, eight to two 𝑦 minus 14, and π‘₯ to eight must all be equal. We could set these up in fractional form to calculate the value of π‘₯ and 𝑦. However, it is clear from the first ratio that this simplifies to two to one. This means that all the lengths in the second trapezium will be half the lengths of the first trapezium. The scale factor to go from trapezium 𝐴𝐡𝐢𝐷 to 𝐸𝐹𝐺𝐻 is one-half.

We can therefore say that two 𝑦 minus 14 is equal to a half of eight, and a half of eight is four. Adding 14 to both sides of this equation gives us two 𝑦 is equal to 18. Dividing by two gives us 𝑦 is equal to nine. We can use the same method to calculate the value of π‘₯. The length 𝐺𝐻, which is equal to eight, is half the value of 𝐢𝐷, which is π‘₯. Multiplying both sides of this equation by two gives us 16 is equal to π‘₯. The missing values are π‘₯ equals 16 and 𝑦 equals nine.

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