### Video Transcript

Determine if the series the sum
from π equals one to β of negative two to the πth power multiplied by three to the
power of one minus π is absolutely convergent, conditionally convergent, or
divergent.

The question gives us a series and
wants to determine if this series is absolutely convergent, conditionally
convergent, or divergent. And we recall we call the series
the sum from π equals one to β of π π absolutely convergent if the sum from π
equals one to β of the absolute value of π π is convergent. We call the series conditionally
convergent if the sum from π equals one to β of π π converges and the series is
not absolutely convergent. Otherwise, we say that our series
is divergent.

Weβll start by checking that our
series is absolutely convergent. So we need to check that the sum
from π equals one to β of the absolute value of our summand is convergent. Taking the absolute value of the
summand of the series given to us in the question gives us the sum from π equals
one to β of the absolute value of negative two to the πth power multiplied by three
to the power of one minus π. We can simplify our summand by
using our laws for exponents. We have that negative two is
negative one times two. So negative two all raised to the
πth power is equal to negative one to the πth power multiplied by two to the πth
power. This gives us the sum from π
equals one to β of the absolute value of negative one to the πth power times two to
the πth power times three to the power of one minus π.

Next, weβre going to simplify our
series by using a fact about the absolute value. We have that the absolute value of
a product of terms is equal to the product of their absolute values. We see that negative one raised to
the πth power will always give us either negative one or one depending on whether
π is odd or even. However, the absolute value of both
of these is equal to one. So the absolute value of negative
one to the πth power will always give us one. And we can see that two raised to
the πth power is always positive and three to the power of one minus π is also
always positive. And applying the absolute value to
a positive number doesnβt change anything. This gives us the sum from π
equals one to β of two to the πth power times three to the power of one minus
π.

We can again simplify our summand
by using our laws for exponents. We have that three to the power of
one minus π is just equal to three times three to the power of negative π. Next, weβre going to rewrite three
to the power of negative π as one divided by three to the πth power. This gives us the sum from π
equals one to β of two to the πth power times three divided by three to the πth
power. We can again simplify this by using
more of our laws for exponents. We have that π to the πth power
divided by π to the πth power is equal to π over π all raised to the πth
power. Using this, we can rewrite two to
the πth power divided by three to the πth power as two-thirds all raised to the
πth power.

We can now see that our sum is
almost in the form of a geometric series. And we also know that the geometric
series the sum from π equals one to β of π times π to the power of π minus one
will converge if the absolute value of π is less than one. Instead of two-thirds raised to the
πth power, we want two-thirds raised to the power of π minus one. And we can do this by writing
two-thirds raised to the πth power as two-thirds to the power of π minus one
multiplied by two-thirds. We can then simplify this by
canceling the shared factor of three in our numerator and our denominator. This gives us that our sum is a
geometric series with the ratio of successive terms π equal to two-thirds and
initial value π equal to two. And we know a geometric series will
converge if the absolute value of π is less than one.

So when π π is the summand of the
series given to us in the question, weβve shown that the sum from π equals one to β
of the absolute value of π π is convergent. Which means weβve shown the series
given to us in the question is absolutely convergent. And since any series can only be
one of absolutely convergent, conditionally convergent, or divergent, we donβt need
to check anymore; weβre done. Therefore, weβve shown that the sum
from π equals one to β of negative two to the πth power times three to the power
of one minus π is an absolutely convergent series.