Video: Pack 4 β€’ Paper 3 β€’ Question 16

Pack 4 β€’ Paper 3 β€’ Question 16


Video Transcript

𝐴, 𝐡, 𝐢, and 𝐷 are four points on a straight line in that order. 𝐴𝐡 to 𝐡𝐷 is five to three. 𝐴𝐢 to 𝐢𝐷 is three to one. Find the ratio 𝐴𝐡 to 𝐡𝐢 to 𝐢𝐷.

Now, the first thing I’ve done is just drawn a representation of actually what this could look like, so our line 𝐴, 𝐡, 𝐢, and 𝐷. It’s not to scale. But it gives us an idea of where they might be. First of all, if we think about our ratio 𝐴𝐡 to 𝐡𝐷, then this is five to three. So I’ve marked on our diagram, so the five for 𝐴𝐡 and then 𝐡 to 𝐷 is three. And then, we also have our ratio 𝐴𝐢 to 𝐢𝐷 and this is three to one. And again, I’ve actually marked this onto our diagram.

Well, the first thing we know and we can actually summarize from our diagram is that 𝐴𝐡 is going to be five-eighths of the total length and I’ve marked that on there. This is gonna be useful and I’ll show you why now. Well, also, in addition, we know that 𝐢𝐷 is a quarter of the total length. So now, we’ve actually got two parts and we know the fraction of the total of length that they are.

So therefore, using that, what we can actually do is actually work out the fraction that 𝐡𝐢 is going to be because 𝐡𝐢 is gonna have to be one minus five over eight minus one-quarter. So therefore, we can actually calculate that because it’s gonna be one minus five-eighths minus two-eighths and that’s because a quarter is the same as two-eighths. And what I’ve done is multiplied the numerator and denominator by two. So therefore, we can say that 𝐡𝐢 is gonna be one-eighth of the total length. And that’s because we’ve got 𝐡𝐢, at one-eighth, plus 𝐴𝐡, at five-eighths, makes six-eighths plus 𝐢𝐷, at a quarter, which is two-eighths makes eight-eighths or one whole. So that is the total length.

So now, we take a look back at the question and we see what’s it actually looking for. What it’s looking for is the ratio 𝐴𝐡 to 𝐡𝐢 to 𝐢𝐷. Well, if we think about it again, if we got it in this order, we’ve got 𝐴𝐡 is five-eighths to 𝐡𝐢 which is one-eighth to 𝐢𝐷 which is two-eighths.

Therefore, we get the final answer which is our ratio 𝐴𝐡 to 𝐡𝐢 to 𝐢𝐷 which is five to one to two. And we’ve actually got this ratio because we had five-eighths to one-eighth to two-eighths and they all have the same denominator. So we can simplify that to five to one to two.

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