A teacher has 22 pencils that they
want to share equally between four children. What is the maximum number of
pencils each child will receive? Some pens might be left over.
This problem is all about sharing
equally, which means it’s a division problem. The teacher wants to share 22
pencils equally between four children. We have to work out how many
pencils each child will receive. We’ve modeled the number 22 using
these bricks. Can you think of a way of sharing
these pencils equally between four children? That means each group has to
contain an equal number of bricks. There we go. We’ve made four groups, and each
group contains an equal amount of bricks. Can you see how many bricks are in
each group? We’ve made four groups of five, and
there are two bricks left over.
If we have 22 pencils and shared
them equally between four children, each child will have five pencils and there will
be two left over. 22 divided by four equals five
remainder two. So the maximum number of pencils
each child will receive is five. We can’t share the two that are
left over equally between four children. So the most pencils the children
can get is five each.