Lesson Plan: Properties of Carboxylic Acids Chemistry

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to identify and name carboxylic acids and describe their physical properties.


Students will be able to

  • identify the functional group and general structure of a carboxylic acid,
  • identify and name different types of carboxylic acids using classic and IUPAC nomenclature,
  • describe and explain the general properties of carboxylic acids, including drawing a comparison with the equivalent alcohol,
  • describe the preparation of carboxylic acids using acetic acid (ethanoic acid) and benzoic acids as case studies,
  • identify and describe the structures and uses of the following carboxylic acids found in our daily lives:
    • formic acid,
    • acetic acid,
    • benzoic acid,
    • citric acid,
    • lactic acid,
    • ascorbic acid,
    • salicylic acid,
    • amino acids.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the difference between strong and weak acids.


Students will not cover

  • reactions of carboxylic acids.

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