Lesson Plan: The Central Nervous System Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives and prerequisites of the lesson teaching students how to describe the structure and function of the different parts of the central nervous system.


Students will be able to

  • recall that the brain is located within the skull of the human body and surrounded by three membranes or meninges (dura mater, pia mater, and arachnoid),
  • recall that the brain is divided into the forebrain, midbrain, and hindbrain and recall the components of these divisions,
  • describe the basic structure of the brain, including the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the hypothalamus,
  • identify the lobes of the cerebrum as the frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes and recall that there is a 5th lobe,
  • explain the functions of the lobes of the cerebral cortex, the hypothalamus, and the cerebellum,
  • identify the gray and white matter and the dorsal and ventral roots from a cross section of the spinal cord,
  • describe the functions of the different parts of the spinal cord.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the concept that the brain is a major organ of the human body.

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