Lesson Plan: Sexual Reproduction in Plants Science

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to identify the male and female parts of a flower and explain the process of sexual reproduction in plants.


Students will be able to

  • name the male and female parts of a flower,
  • describe what happens during pollination,
  • describe the differences between insect- and wind-pollinated plants,
  • describe what happens during fertilization in plants,
  • explain that sexual reproduction leads to variation.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the fact that reproduction is a life process,
  • the main parts of flowering plants (root, stem, leaf, and flower) and their functions,
  • the life cycle of flowering plants: germination, growth, pollination, fertilization, seed dispersal,
  • where seeds are formed in flowering plants,
  • the meaning of pollination and fertilization and the order in which they occur.


Students will not cover

  • details of seed dispersal or germination,
  • self-pollination,
  • the terms cells or gametes.

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