Lesson Plan: Properties and Uses of Everyday Materials Science

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to describe, compare, and group everyday materials based on their properties and explain how the property of a material determines its use.


Students will be able to

  • describe and investigate the properties of a wide range of everyday materials, including hardness, solubility, transparency, electrical and thermal conductivity, and response to magnets,
  • compare and group materials on the basis of their properties,
  • explain how the properties of a material determine how we use it.


Students should already be familiar with

  • identifying and naming a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metals, water, and rock,
  • describing the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials,
  • how to make simple electrical circuits,
  • measuring temperature using a thermometer,
  • the names of basic science equipment, including beakers and timers.


Students will not cover

  • the chemical properties of materials,
  • comparing the properties of metals and nonmetals.

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