Lesson Plan: The Life Cycle of Flowering Plants: Flowers and Reproduction Science • 2nd Grade

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to define the role flowers play in pollination and fertilization.


Students will be able to

  • describe that the flower produces pollen, nectar, and seeds,
  • describe how the flower attracts insects and other pollinators for reproduction,
  • define pollination and fertilization as the first two stages of reproduction in flowering plants and understand the correct order in which they occur,
  • understand that plants are pollinated by insects or the wind,
  • describe that the flower changes into a fruit.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the functions of different parts of flowering plants, including the roots, stem/trunk, and leaves,
  • the fact that flowers attract insects for reproduction,
  • the conditions needed for seed germination and growth,
  • the stages of a plant’s growth: germination, growth, flowering, producing fruit, and dispersing seeds.


Students will not cover

  • seed dispersal,
  • the details of wind-pollinated plants.

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