Lesson Plan: Female Genital System Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to identify structures in the female genital (reproductive) system, state their functions, and describe the formation of ova in the ovary.


Students will be able to

  • describe the structure of the female genital system, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus and vagina,
  • describe the functions of the components of the female genital system,
  • identify different structures in a transverse section (T.S.) of an ovary, including the ovum, corpus luteum, and Graafian follicle,
  • state the phases of oogenesis as multiplication, growth, and maturation,
  • describe the events that occur at each stage of oogenesis to produce a haploid ovum,
  • recall that the second meiotic division will be completed upon penetration of the oocyte by a sperm cell.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the process of meiosis,
  • the principles of sexual reproduction,
  • specialized cells and the characteristics of female gametes.


Students will not cover

  • secondary sex characteristics,
  • details of chromosome movement in meiosis,
  • details of the menstrual cycle.

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