Lesson Plan: Specialized Plant Structures Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to describe the structures and functions of specialized plant structures.


Students will be able to

  • describe the structures of specialized plant structures including the xylem, phloem, palisade mesophyll, spongy mesophyll, meristem cells, guard cells, stomata, and root hair cells,
  • explain how the xylem and phloem are adapted to their functions of transporting substances around the plant,
  • explain how the mesophyll cells, guard cells, and stomata are adapted for their functions in photosynthesis,
  • explain how root hair cells are adapted to take up water and minerals from the soil.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the concept that plants carry out photosynthesis,
  • the concept that plants require water and minerals to function.


Students will not cover

  • the detailed process of photosynthesis, transpiration, or translocation.

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