Lesson Plan: Types of RNA Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to describe the components that make up RNA molecules and differentiate between tRNA, mRNA, and rRNA.


Students will be able to

  • state the components of an RNA molecule as being nucleotides, with the nitrogenous bases AUGC,
  • compare and contrast the structures of RNA and DNA, including which pentose sugar is in the nucleotides, the formation of double or single strands, and the difference between the nitrogenous bases,
  • describe and identify the structures of tRNA and mRNA,
  • recall the roles of tRNA and mRNA in translation and the role of rRNA in forming ribosomes.


Students should already be familiar with

  • DNA and RNA as nucleic acids.


Students will not cover

  • the detailed process of translation.

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