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Lesson Plan: Scientific Investigations: Displaying and Analyzing Data Science

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to represent and analyze data from a scientific investigation using graphs as a visual tool.


Students will be able to

  • describe how to use a table to display the results of an investigation,
  • identify why graphs are useful in an investigation (for example, they communicate data more easily than sentences),
  • compare different types of graphs (line plots, dot plots, and bar graphs) to determine which is best at presenting data for a specific investigation,
  • match line plots and bar graphs with data from an investigation,
  • identify and describe conclusions by analyzing and interpreting data presented in tables and graphs.


Students should already be familiar with

  • making observations and asking questions about the world around them,
  • measuring length and distance,
  • formulating a measurable question,
  • scientific investigations,
  • measuring mass.


Students will not cover

  • creating scientific investigations (this is covered in a previous lesson),
  • collecting data in investigations,
  • the scientific method.

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