Lesson Plan: Hormones and the Body Science
This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to describe the effects of different hormones produced by the pituitary gland and outline the specific functions of hormones produced by the thyroid gland, gonads, pancreas, and adrenal glands.
Students will be able to
- describe the structure and location of the pituitary gland, known as the master gland,
- state that GH and TSH are examples of hormones secreted by the pituitary and outline their function in the body,
- outline the roles of estrogen and testosterone in the development of secondary sex characteristics and the role of progesterone on the endometrium,
- outline the structure and location of the thyroid gland and outline the role of thyroxine and calcitonin in the body,
- describe the effect of the pancreatic hormones insulin and glucagon on blood glucose,
- outline the role of adrenaline in the response to danger.
Students should already be familiar with
- an overview of the components of the endocrine system and how it functions,
- the location of the main endocrine glands and the hormones they secrete,
- the fact that hormones cause the changes seen in adolescence,
- the fact that hormones are produced by the ovaries and the testes and have a role in the menstrual cycle.
Students will not cover
- the specific names of the hormones of the pituitary gland that control other endocrine glands (no mention of FSH, LH, ACTH, or ADH),
- the thymus and the parathyroid gland or their hormones,
- hormones of the adrenal gland except adrenaline,
- the effect of glucagon on gluconeogenesis.