Lesson Plan: Word Problems: Multiplication and Division Mathematics • 3rd Grade

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to solve one- and two-step problems where one of the steps involves multiplying or dividing numbers using multiplication facts up to 10 × 10.


Students will be able to

  • identify whether a word problem can be solved by using multiplication or division,
  • write equations to represent word problems,
  • solve one- and two-step word problems involving multiplication and division,
  • use multiplication or division to check the answer to a word problem.


Students should already be familiar with

  • multiplication facts up to 10×10,
  • addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers,
  • using bar models to model word problems,
  • the fact that multiplication and division are inverse operations.


Students will not cover

  • using fractions or decimals,
  • solving problems with more than two steps.

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