Lesson Plan: Properties of Benzene Chemistry

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to describe the properties of benzene, explain its structure, and name its derivatives.


Students will be able to

  • describe and explain the bonding in benzene,
  • describe the structure of benzene and compare it with cycloalkenes,
  • outline the different methods used to synthesize benzene,
  • name benzene derivatives and use IUPAC nomenclature to name multisubstituted derivatives,
  • recall which substituents are ortho, meta, and para directing, and therefore predict the products of substitution reactions,
  • describe the physical properties of benzene.


Students should already be familiar with

  • atomic orbitals,
  • alkenes,
  • cycloalkanes.


Students will not cover

  • reactions of benzene,
  • products from reactions of multisubstituted derivatives,
  • the full molecular orbitals of benzene.

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