Lesson Plan: Movements of Earth, the Sun, and the Moon Science

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to identify the shape of Earth, the Sun, and the Moon and describe their movements relative to each other.


Students will be able to

  • describe the Sun, Earth, and the Moon as roughly spherical bodies,
  • explain how the movement of Earth causes day and night and the apparent movement of the Sun across the sky,
  • identify how long it takes Earth to rotate once on its axis and explain that we call this a day,
  • describe the movement of Earth around the Sun and identify how long this takes,
  • describe the movement of the Moon around Earth and identify how long this takes.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the main components of the solar system.


Students will not cover

  • seasons,
  • the phases of the Moon.

Nagwa uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more about our Privacy Policy.