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Lesson Plan: Eukaryotic Cell Structure Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to identify the key organelles in a eukaryotic cell and describe their functions.


Students will be able to

  • identify the organelles and structures of typical eukaryotic cell as the cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth), golgi apparatus, lysosomes, mitochondria, cytoskeleton, and protoplasm,
  • identify the organelles specific to plant cells as the large vacuole, cell wall, and plastids (including chloroplasts, chromoplasts, and leucoplasts),
  • identify the organelles specific to animal cells as centrosomes and small, multiple vacuoles,
  • compare the structure of, and organelles found in, plant and animal cells,
  • describe the structures of each of the eukaryotic organelles outlined,
  • explain the functions of each of the eukaryotic cells organelles outlined,
  • recall that the majority of organelles are membrane bound by a single or double membrane, with the exception of ribosomes.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the fact that the cell is the basic unit of living organisms.


Students will not cover

  • the fluid mosaic model of the cell membrane,
  • the nucleolus, nucleoplasm, or chromatin.

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