Lesson Plan: The Human Genome Project Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to discuss the aims and implications of the Human Genome Project.


Students will be able to

  • recall the definitions of the terms allele, gene, and genome,
  • state the primary aim of the Human Genome Project as identifying all of the genes within the human genome,
  • state the major accomplishments of the Human Genome Project as the identification of many human genes, including those related to genetic diseases, and the advancement of DNA sequencing techniques,
  • discuss the potential applications of the Human Genome Project to improve human health, including creating personalised medicines, predicting negative reactions to treatments, and predicting the likelihood of a person developing a genetic disease.


Students should already be familiar with

  • DNA as the genetic material of a human,
  • genes having different forms (alleles).


Students will not cover

  • details of the methods used by the human genome project (e.g., Sanger sequencing).

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