Lesson Plan: Prokaryote and Virus Structure Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to describe the structure and function of the parts of prokaryotic cells and viruses and identify similarities and differences between eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and viruses.


Students will be able to

  • label and describe the functions of the parts of prokaryotic cells, including the cell membrane, cell wall, slime capsule, pili, mesosome, ribosome, nucleoid, flagella, lipid droplets, and glycogen granules,
  • outline the process of binary fission as the replication of prokaryotic cells,
  • describe the structure of a typical virus, which consists of a capsid and nucleic acid, and give some examples (e.g., TMV, Ebola, HIV, and phage 𝜆),
  • outline the similarities and differences between the structure of viruses, prokaryotic cells, and eukaryotic cells.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the eukaryotic cell structure.


Students will not cover

  • gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and staining,
  • how antibiotics kill bacteria.

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