Lesson Plan: Medical and Genetic Screening Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to recall some examples of diseases that can be genetically or medically screened for and explain why genetic screening is offered to certain individuals.


Students will be able to

  • state the reasons couples may be tested for genetic disorders before having children,
  • recall groups or individuals that will be recommended for genetic screening,
  • give examples of genetic disorders tested for before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and immediately after birth,
  • apply knowledge of disorders tested for to the methods used to do so,
  • give examples of sexually transmitted diseases (e.g., HIV and hepatitis) that should be tested for before having children.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the fact that some disorders can be inherited from parents.


Students will not cover

  • the detailed process of embryonic screening,
  • genetic counselling,
  • gene therapy.

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