Lesson Plan: Food Chains Science

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to identify the main parts of a food chain and explain how food chains link together to form food webs.


Students will be able to

  • define and identify the main parts of a food chain: producers, consumers, predators, and prey,
  • describe the direction of the flow of energy in a food chain,
  • classify animals as predators or prey,
  • construct food chains,
  • identify the linkage of multiple food chains in a habitat as a food web,
  • explain what happens to a food web when there is a disruption to it.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the different types of consumers (omnivores, herbivores, and carnivores),
  • the fact that plants make their own food through photosynthesis.


Students will not cover

  • primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers,
  • types of habitats,
  • types of food webs.

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