# Lesson Plan: Probability and Simple Events Mathematics

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to find the probability of a simple event.

#### Objectives

Students will be able to

- recall the necessary terminology of probability, including sample space, event, and experiment, and what it means to make an inference,
- recognize that a probability can be given as a fraction, decimal, or percent,
- calculate the probability of a simple event given the number of occurrences of a desired event divided by the total number of outcomes,
- determine, from a frequency table, the number of occurrences of a desired event and the total number of outcomes, in order to find the probability of that event,
- given a context, determine the number of occurrences of a desired event and the total number of events in order to find the probability of that event.

#### Prerequisites

Students should already be familiar with

- set notation,
- properties of numbers such as primes, factors, and multiples,
- fractions, percentages, and decimals.

#### Exclusions

Students will not cover

- calculating the probability of operations on events,
- the probability of the complement of an event.