Lesson Plan: Concave Lenses | Nagwa Lesson Plan: Concave Lenses | Nagwa

Lesson Plan: Concave Lenses Physics

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to define convex lenses, describe the paths of light rays refracted through these lenses, and explain how rays are focused by such lenses.


Students will be able to

  • qualitatively describe concavity of a lens (thin in the middle and thick at the edges and has a smooth curvature),
  • identify the changes in the direction of travel of light rays as they enter and as they exit a concave lens at different distances perpendicular to the optical axis of the lens,
  • explain that the change in the direction of travel of a light ray is due to refraction and so depends on the material that the lens is made of,
  • demonstrate that parallel rays entering a concave lens can have their paths traced backward to converge at a point that is on the side of the lens that the rays enter from,
  • recall that the distance between the center of the lens and the point that parallel incident rays appear to diverge from is called the focal length,
  • recall that the power of a lens is the reciprocal of its focal length.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the fact that light rays travel in straight lines,
  • the fact that the direction of travel of a light ray changes due to refraction at an optical boundary.


Students will not cover

  • the term virtual,
  • any calculations,
  • formation of images.

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