Lesson Plan: Food Security Biology

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites, and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to describe some factors affecting food security and explain the methods that are used to increase food production.


Students will be able to

  • define the terms food security and sustainable food production,
  • describe some of the factors affecting the levels of food security, including increasing human population, changing diets, new pests/pathogens, environmental changes, cost of agriculture, and human conflicts,
  • describe and explain possible agricultural solutions for a growing human population,
  • evaluate the methods used to increase food production, such as intensive farming and sustainable fishing.


Students should already be familiar with

  • the content of a healthy human diet,
  • the consequences of imbalances in the human diet,
  • the environmental changes caused by global warming.


Students will not cover

  • the details of biological control,
  • the details of the method used to produce genetically modified organisms,
  • the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering.

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