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Lesson Plan: The Second Conditional with “Would,” “Might,” or “Could” English

This lesson plan includes the objectives, prerequisites and exclusions of the lesson teaching students how to use the second conditional with “would,” “might,” or “could” to talk about technology.

Objectives

Students will be able to

  • use the second conditional in the affirmative, negative, and interrogative forms to talk about situations that are very unlikely or impossible,
  • form the second conditional using a clause with “if + past simple” and a clause with “would + the base form of the verb” (e.g., If I won the lottery, I would buy a new car),
  • understand that the if clause can be the first or second clause (e.g., If I got the job, I would be happy/I would be happy If I got the job),
  • understand that when the if clause is first, a comma is used before the second clause, but when the if clause is second, a comma is not used (e.g., If you liked football, I would invite you to the match/I would invite you to the match if you liked football),
  • understand that might or might not can be used instead of would to show that you are unsure of the outcome,
  • understand that could can be used instead of would to show ability,
  • understand that could not can be used instead of would not to show inability.

Prerequisites

Students should already be familiar with

  • the past simple,
  • the modal verbs would, could, and might,
  • contractions (e.g., I’d I would),
  • the zero conditional,
  • the first conditional.

Exclusions

Students will not cover

  • using continuous tenses with the second conditional,
  • using unless with the second conditional,
  • using the second conditional to give advice.

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