Students will be able to
- define mutation as a change in the DNA sequence,
- recall that variation arises from mutations,
- recognize different types of mutations,
- understand the difference between mutations that occur in body (somatic) cells and those that occur in reproductive cells (germline and gametes),
- describe how mutations can result in altered protein structures or gene expression,
- use the occurrence of sickle cell anemia in humans as an example of a genetic disease caused by a mutation,
- recall some causes of induced mutations, such as exposure to UV radiation and carcinogenic substances.