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In this lesson, we will learn how to deal with the concept of conditional probability using joint frequencies presented in two-way tables.

Q1:

The two-way table shows the ages and activity choices of a group of participants at a summer camp.

A child is selected at random. Given that they chose abseiling, find the probability that the child is over 14.

Q2:

In a group of 96 people, 34 out of the 71 women have a smartphone, and 18 men do not have a smartphone. Determine the probability that a randomly picked smartphone owner in this group will be female.

Q3:

Daniel and Jennifer are running for the presidency of the Students’ Union at their school. The votes they received from each of 3 classes are shown in the table. What is the probability that a student voted for Jennifer given that they are in the Class B?

Q4:

A bag contains 4 red balls and 3 blue balls. I take one at random, note its color, and put it on a shelf. I then take another ball at random, note its color, and put it on the shelf next to the first ball. The figure below shows the probability tree associated with this problem. Are the events of “getting a blue ball on the first draw” and “getting a red ball on the second draw” independent?

Q5:

The two-way table shows the ages and activity choices of a group of children at a summer camp.

A child is selected at random. Given that this child is over 14, find the probability, to the nearest percent, that they chose climbing.

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