Students will be able to
- use the past perfect in the affirmative, negative, and interrogative forms to talk about things that happened before another action in the past,
- understand that the past perfect form “had (not) + past participle” is used for all subjects, both singular and plural, in the affirmative,
- understand that when we talk about two consecutive events in the past, we use the past perfect to talk about the earlier of the two events and the past simple to talk about the later one,
- understand that we can start the sentence with either the past perfect or the past simple (e.g., Before I swam for this team, I had swum for a different team/I had swum for a different team before I swam for this team),
- use a variety of conjunctions with sentences that use both the past simple and past perfect to show the order that events occurred in (we use before, until, and by the time with the past simple and use after with the past perfect),
- use a variety of conjunctions to show causes or results (we use because with the past perfect and use so with the past simple).