Students will be able to
- state the role of the nonspecific immune response as an immediate response to infections,
- describe the body’s first line of defense against pathogen entry, including skin, cerumen (ear wax), tears, mucus, saliva, stomach acid, and expulsive reflexes,
- recall that phagocytosis and inflammatory responses are examples of the second line of defense,
- describe the stages of phagocytosis, including the role of phagocytes and lysosomes,
- describe the role of white blood cells and histamine in the inflammatory response.