Lesson: Systems of Unbalanced Forces
In this lesson, we will learn how to apply Newton's second law of motion and Newton's third law of motion to analyze systems of forces that produce a net force that is not zero.
Sample Question Videos
Worksheet: 9 Questions • 6 Videos
A cyclist supplies a force of 250 N to her bicycle. She and the bicycle together have a mass of 130 kg. The bicycle accelerates at 1.5 m/s2 as it travels into a headwind that applies a 15 N force in the opposite direction to the bicycle’s velocity, and friction acts on the bicycle in the same direction as the wind. How much force, in newtons, is supplied by friction?
A car with a mass of 320 kg is having engine problems, so it is being towed behind a van while the driver of the malfunctioning car tries to start its engine. The van supplies a force of 960 N to the car, and a friction force of 160 N acts in the opposite direction to the car’s motion. The malfunctioning motor starts to work and provides the car with a force of 160 N. What is the acceleration of the car when its engine starts working?
A piano of mass 300 kg is moved along a horizontal surface by a person pushing from one side and another person pulling from the other. The piano accelerates at 0.25 m/s2. The pushing force is 120 N, and a friction force of 60 N acts in the opposite direction to the piano’s velocity. What is the pulling force? Consider the direction in which the piano moves to be the positive direction.