Students will be able to
- state the general formula of monosaccharides as ,
- recall the classification of carbohydrates into simple sugars (mono- and disaccharides) and complex sugars (polysaccharides),
- describe the alpha and beta structures of glucose and its properties as a hexose sugar,
- outline the synthesis and breakdown of disaccharides including maltose, sucrose, and lactose,
- describe the structure and function of glucose, starch, glycogen, and cellulose,
- explain the role of monosaccharides in the processes of transferring energy inside the cells of living organisms.
Students should already be familiar with
- the fact that carbohydrates are an essential nutrient in the human diet,
- the fact that carbohydrates provide energy for an organism,
- carbon and hydrogen as elements found in organic molecules.
Students will not cover
- testing for carbohydrates using Benedict's reagent or iodine.