A Van de Graaff accelerator utilizes a 50.0 MV potential difference to accelerate charged particles such as protons. The kinetic energy provided by such a large potential difference is sufficiently great that relativistic effects need to be taken into account when finding the velocity of accelerated particles.
What is the velocity of a proton accelerated by such a potential?
What is the velocity of an electron accelerated by such a potential?
What is the rest energy of an electron, given its mass is kg?
Determine the difference in the rest masses of a proton and a neutron from their rest energies. Use a value of 938.3 MeV for proton rest energy and 939.6 MeV for the neutron rest energy.