Lesson: Reported Speech: Statements English

In this lesson, we will learn how to use reported statements to talk about transport workers.

Lesson Plan

Students will be able to

  • use reported speech to talk about what someone has said,
  • understand how to change direct speech to reported speech by
    • backshifting verbs from present to past tense (e.g., eatate, is eatingwas eating),
    • backshifting the modal verbs can and will (in the future simple) to could and would (e.g., He said, “I can swim” He said that he could swim/He said, “I will help” He said that he would help),
    • using that between the reporting verb and the reported speech (e.g., He said that he liked me),
    • changing pronouns from first (or second) person to third person (e.g., Maged said, “I like dogs” Maged said that he liked dogs),
      • understanding that when the reporting clause uses I, the subject pronouns in the reported speech do not change (e.g., I said, “I like dogs” I said that I liked dogs),
      • understanding that when the reporting clause uses the object pronoun me, the pronoun you is changed to I (subject) or me (object) in the reported speech (e.g., She asked me, “Do you want lunch?” She asked me if I wanted lunch”/She asked me, “Can I help you?” She asked me if she could help me),
    • changing possessive determiners from first (or second) person to third person and from second person to first or third person (e.g., Maged said, “I like your dog” Maged said that he liked my dog),
  • use a variety of reporting verbs such as say and explain as well as tell and inform with an indirect object (e.g., He told me that he liked me/She informed him that checkout was at 10 am).

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